According to most experts, perhaps the best way to avoid contracting an STD is by not having sex. But since this is a choice that most people won’t accept, you have to be careful while having sex so that you don’t spread or contract such sexually transmitted diseases. Initially, you need to know yourself about the kinds of STDs that are common and how you can prevent them. Apart from knowing, you should also opt for an STD test on a regular basis so that you can be sure about whether or not you have this disease. If you’re not much aware of the details of the sexually transmitted infections, here’s help for you. Check out some vital information on STDs.
STDs – What Are They Actually?
STDs are usually caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites. Although the symptoms of an STD are visible on the specific infection, there are many STDs that cause viginitis, which is an inflammation on the vagina that is most often accompanied by abnormal discharge, urethritis which is an inflammation of the urethra and this can make urination painful. There are several other STDs that can cause sores anb blisters on the vagina, penis, rectum or even on the buttocks. Among women, there are STDs that spread to their cervix, fallopian tubes or among men, they even spread to the prostate.
How Common Are STDs?
In the United States of America, STDs are pretty common, in fact recent reports suggest that between 13 million and 15 million new cases were diagnosed each and every year. In spite of the fact that there is much information about the number of people who are getting infected by STDs, it is pretty clear that the number is growing day by day. Abouth 2/3rds of the cases that are reported occur among people who are under the age of 25 years. Here are some organs where such diseases can occur.
- Cervix: This is the lower narrow end of the uterus that directly opens to the vagina
- Uterus: This is a muscular, pear-shaped internal organ within a woman where a baby develops until birth
- Fallopian tube: These are the 2 slender tubes that connect the ovaries and the uterus. The usually carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus
- Prostate: This is the male reproductive gland which is located where the bladder meets with the urethra. It is the prostate that produces the fluid portion of the semen
- Epididymitis: This is a painful inflammation of the epididymis, which is a structure that is attached to the testicles.
Are STDs Contagious?
STDs are usually contagious and they are transmitted thorugh sexual contact which involves anal, vaginal and oral sex. Such diseases can spread between people of the opposite sex and same sex. The germs may move through semen, vaginal fluids or even blood. However, you should be aware of the fact that STDs don’t pass from one person to another by shaking hands, sharing utensils and hugging.
Hence, if you’re wondering about the ways in which you can contract sexually transmitted diseases, you should take into account the above mentioned information.